Activities for Teaching the Soil Layers

This week we are learning about the different layers of soil!

What is soil?

Soil is the part of the earth’s surface comprised of disintegrated rock and humus that provides the medium for plant growth. The development of soil takes time, between hundreds and thousands of years, and consists of diverse materials which are both inorganic and organic.

The inorganic materials are the non-living aspects of the soil such as minerals and rocks while the organic materials are the living aspects of the soil such as the soil micro-organisms. The process of soil formation is through the rock cycle together with the integration of soil microbial and chemical activities originating from living organisms. (See More Here)

Here are the 4 layers:

Topsoil - The thin rich top layer of soil where most nutrients for plants are found.

Subsoil- Made of sand, silt, and clay that hasn't been broken down all the way.

Parent Material - Mostly rock that has been weathered. Not many things down here except for the biggest tree roots!

Bedrock- The lowest layer of soil, it is all rock.