 Let’s look at some of the concepts 4th graders will acquire this year:

• They will solve multi-step word problems using all four operations, addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.

• They will learn how to find the perimeter and area of a shape by counting units.

• They will learn how to write chronological pieces, pieces focusing on cause and effect and pieces that draw from personal experience while spelling frequent words correctly.

• They will learn about changes in matter and energy, as well as expand their knowledge about the solar system and the universe.

• They will learn about the Mesopotamian, Egyptian and other ancient civilizations.

## 4th Grade Math Curriculum Objectives

In 4th grade, math instruction should focus on number theory and systems, algebraic thinking, geometrical figures and objects, measurement of length, weight, capacity, time, and temperature, and data analysis and probability.

Some of the specific 4th grade math learning targets include:

• Estimating sums and differences using rounding and compatible numbers.

• Defining multiples, and list multiples of a given number.

• Identify factors of a given number and common factors of two given numbers.

• Solving addition and subtraction problems involving money.

• Exploring the idea of a variable by solving for an unknown quantity in an equation (early algebraic thinking).

• Plotting a point given an ordered pair or writing the ordered pair of a point shown on a coordinate grid.

• Finding perimeter, area, and volume.

Fourth graders are expected to have gained the following skills before they start the year:

• Addition and subtraction with regrouping

• Understanding place value

• Solving problems with decimal points

• Memorizing math facts with the help of fact families

• Creating a number sentence or equation from a word problem

• Finding perimeter and area of a shape by counting units

• Familiarity with both the traditional and metric systems