Fifth Grade Learning Goals


In fifth grade, students will practice more complex mathematical concepts such as exponents, decimals, fractions and more. They will read and understand new vocabulary in science and social studies as well significantly improve their grammar skills. They will expand their knowledge about the scientific method, historical events and important historical figures.

Below are some of the skills and concepts a fifth grade education should include.

  • Comparing and contrasting topics and themes

  • Using linking words and writing a conclusion

  • Multiplying two fractions using an area model

  • Understanding how Earth’s four spheres interact within the water cycle

  • Knowing and locating different climate zones around the world

Math Objectives for 5th Grade

Below are just some of the 5th grade math objectives your child is expected to achieve. Finding a comprehensive and effective fifth grade math curriculum will ensure your child is learning all the important concepts and topics necessary to move on to sixth grade.

  • Use place value to add, subtract, multiply and divide decimals

  • Apply formulas to solve various customary length/weight/capacity/temperature problems

  • Calculate the probability of an event

Below are some concepts a fifth grader should know.

  • Rounding numbers to the nearest ten, hundred, thousand, ten thousand and hundred thousand

  • Using partial products and mental multiplication

  • Dividing with two-digit divisors

  • Ordering and comparing fractions

  • Comparing perimeter and area

Reading Goals/Objectives for 5th Grade

In fifth grade, students read a mix of literary and informational texts to strengthen their reading fluency and comprehension skills as well as expand their vocabulary.

Below are just some of the reading goals that fifth grade language arts activities should help your child achieve.

  • Summarize and paraphrase information from a text

  • Read and interpret charts, graphs and other graphic representations in a text

  • Analyze a writer’s point of view and compare points of view from various writers on the same topic

Writing Goals/Objectives for 5th Grade

Writing skills will continue to be polished and built upon this year. A fifth grade language arts curriculum will help students learn and master tons of new writing concepts including the following:

  • Use interjections, prepositions and conjunctions for more descriptive and elaborate writing

  • Understand each of the five stages of the writing process: planning, drafting, revising, editing, publishing

  • Write a narrative complete with an event, narrator and characters

Grammar Goals/Objectives for 5th Grade

Fifth grade language arts activities should provide students with plenty of opportunities to learn and practice new grammar skills in order to enhance their writing and communication. Below are some of the grammar goals and objectives that a 5th grade language arts curriculum should help your child achieve.

  • Use punctuation in titles correctly with proper capitalization, quotation marks, underscore, and italics

  • Use correlative conjunctions correctly in a sentence: not only/but also, either/or, neither/nor

  • Use perfect verb tense correctly and understand how they convey time of events

Science Objectives for 5th Grade

By the end of this year, students should be able to achieve a number of objectives and gain various new skills. Below are a few concepts that a 5th grade science curriculum should help your child master.

  • Understand the movement of matter among producers, consumers, and decomposers in an ecosystem

  • Knowledge of the different changes of state, chemical reactions, solutions and mixtures

  • Identify solutions that help reduce negative impact on the Earth

Below are some of the skills and concepts your child will be learning this year.

  • Comparing and describing different properties of matter such as state, texture, and mass

  • The four different spheres of the Earth (biosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and hydrosphere)

  • The relationship of the sun, Earth, and moon to shadows, constellations and yearly patterns

Social Studies Objectives for 5th Grade

By the end of this year, students should have a good understanding of ancient civilizations and the exploration and colonization of North America and the impact these had on human history.

Some of the social studies objectives our online curriculum will help your child achieve this year include:

  • Explain the new system of democracy in Ancient Greece and how it would impact future governments throughout the world

  • Demonstrate an understanding of U.S. history during the Westward Expansion period from 1820-1850

  • Locate all 50 U.S. states on a map as well as their capitals

Below are just a few other topics your child will learn about this year.

  • Contributions of the Shang and Zhou dynasties

  • Greek scholars such as Pythagoras and Hippocrates

  • Political science and the purpose of government

Resource: Time4Learning

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