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Sixth Grade Learning Goals


These goals are suggestions based on state standards. As always, each child learns differently and at a different pace, this is to act as a guide for subjects and also help with the order of presenting info to your learner. If your child needs a refresh or is missing some concepts, please refer to our Fifth Grade Learning Goals post to review.

The major math strands for a sixth-grade curriculum are number sense and operations, algebra, geometry, and spatial sense, measurement, and functions, and probability. While these math strands might surprise you, they cover the basics of what a sixth grader should learn in math.


In order to advance to sixth grade math concepts, some of the skills your child should already know going into sixth grade include:

  • Comparing and ordering numbers using place value chart and number lines

  • Multiplying 2-digit by 2-digit numbers and 3-digit by 3-digit numbers

  • Determining the greatest common factor and least common multiple

  • Reading and writing numbers to the thousandths in written and standard form

  • Adding mixed numbers with and without regrouping

  • Measuring right, acute, obtuse, and straight angles using a protractor

  • Writing and evaluating algebraic expressions

Math Objectives for 6th Grade

At the beginning of the school year, you should define some sixth grade math goals and objectives for your student. Below is a general idea of the sixth grade math objectives your child should be working towards.

  • Understand pre-algebra concepts such as using variables to simplify expressions

  • Identify decimal place value; compare and order decimals using a number line

  • Use frequency tables and identify appropriate intervals

  • Know how to use ratios and rates to compare data

  • Locate and plot points on a coordinate graph using ordered pairs

  • Understand the relationship between fractions, decimals, and percents

Reading Goals/Objectives for 6th Grade

A comprehensive 6th grade language arts curriculum will help your child accomplish all of this year’s goals and objectives in reading, including:

  • Identify, summarize, or explain the main idea of a text using supporting details

  • Compare and contrast characters, settings, ideas, point of view, and/or plot

  • Achieve comprehension by reading literature with an emphasis on vocabulary

  • Use a variety of strategies to comprehend reading selections

  • Use the reading comprehension process skills of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying

  • Expand their vocabulary and use them in discussions, reports and texts.

Writing Goals/Objectives for 6th Grade

Sixth grade language arts writing goals aim at making students more independent writers by teaching them how to effectively use the steps in the writing process (plan, draft, write, revise, edit, print, and share). Below are some of this year’s writing goals and objectives.

  • Create paragraphs and multiple-paragraph essays

  • Create a fictional short story that includes dialogue

  • Write letters for various situations, including business letters, e-mail messages, etc.

  • Consistently apply rules of spelling

  • Demonstrate increased vocabulary and enhanced language use

Grammar Goals/Objectives for 6th Grade

In order to be good writers, students must be knowledgeable about capitalization, punctuation, verb tenses, and all the other aspects that make up grammar. Below are some of the grammar goals and objectives for sixth grade language arts.

  • Discriminate between transitive and intransitive verbs and direct and indirect objects

  • Identify and use descriptive adjectives and adverbs to enhance writing

  • Identify and correctly punctuate dependent and independent clauses

  • Use commas in appositives and after introductory words and phrases, as well as with names in direct address

  • Identify pronouns, demonstrate agreement between pronouns and antecedents

Science Objectives for 6th Grade

At the end of the year, sixth grade science students should have achieved a number of objectives for the year. Typically, you’ll find that science objectives for sixth grade include:

  • Distinguish between variables and controls in a scientific investigation

  • Analyze data to determine validity and reliability

  • Explain the steps of photosynthesis

  • Identify the components and structure of DNA

  • Explain how scientists determine the age of a fossil

Social Studies Objectives for 6th Grade

By the end of your child’s sixth grade year, they should be well-versed in a number of concepts and have achieved a number of 6th grade social studies objectives, including:

  • Analyze historical migration patterns of early peoples

  • Describe the structure of ancient Egyptian society

  • Describe the innovations of ancient Chinese civilizations

  • Explain the influence of ancient Greece on today’s literature and language

  • Explain how society was organized in the Roman Empire

Resource: Time4Learning

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